Top 10 facts about the Successful Chandrayaan-3
1. Soft Landing Amidst Wait: After a 40-day anticipation, Chandrayaan-3 has successfully had a soft landing on the Moon's south pole yesterday (23 Aug 2023) around 6.04 pm. The mission launched from Sriharikota on July 14 with the goal of exploring the lunar surface.
2. Lander and Rover Combo: Weighing 1749.86 kg, the Vikram lander includes the Rover Pragyan. Designed for a lunar day equivalent to 14 Earth days, this duo forms the core of the Chandrayaan-3 mission.
3. Lunar Discoveries Planned: Chandrayaan-3 will delve into the Moon's soil, measuring near-surface plasma density and seismicity. The mission aims to unveil the lunar soil's chemical composition using an Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS).
4. Record-Breaking Milestones: India is poised to achieve unique milestones with Chandrayaan-3's success. It will become the first country to softly land on the Moon's south pole, the second nation with an operating lunar rover, and the fourth to achieve a lunar soft landing.
5. Collaborative Efforts: Several companies played vital roles in crafting Chandrayaan-3. Larson and Tubro supplied booster segments, Mishra Dhatu Nigam provided crucial materials, BHEL contributed bi-metallic adaptors, Godrej Aerospace produced key engines, Ankit Aerospace supplied specialized fasteners, and Walchandnagar Industries assisted with booster segments.
6. Visionary Minds: ISRO Chairman S Somanath, leading since January 2022, has been instrumental in Chandrayaan-3's journey. Key figures include Project Director P Veeramuthuvel, Unnikrishnan Nair, Director of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, and M Sankaran, Director of U R Rao Satellite Centre.
7. Pioneering Discoveries: In 2009, Chandrayaan-1 found frozen water deposits in the Moon's darkest, coldest regions, marking a monumental achievement in lunar exploration.
8. Stepping Stones and Setbacks: Following Chandrayaan-1's success, Chandrayaan-2 aimed for a gentle landing with a rover in 2019, but faced challenges during the final descent, ultimately crash-landing.
9. Frugal Engineering: A testament to India's space prowess, Chandrayaan-3's mission cost of approximately ₹650 crore underscores the nation's cost-effective yet successful approach.
10. Boundless Aspirations: In 2014, India achieved a historic milestone by orbiting Mars, and in the near future, it plans to launch a crewed mission into Earth's orbit within three days.
As ISRO's Chandrayaan-3 mission ended up being successfully for India's lunar journey, these 10 insights encapsulate its significance, achievements, and the collaborative spirit of the nation's space endeavors.
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